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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3245\margr3195\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3245\margrsxn3195\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1627 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 116{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 CONTACT WITH PERSIA}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Hidus (Indians) from the list of subject peoples,  and \expndtw5 long before 486 B.C., when Darius I died.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi461\ri104\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Herodotus tells us how Darius I essayed to achieve \expndtw3 his object. He first sent an expedition some time after 517 B.C. under Skylax of Karyanda to explore the \expndtw1 possibility of a passage by sea from the mouths of the \expndtw2 Indus to Persia. He sailed down the Indus, and in the \expndtw1 course of his voyage collected a good deal of informa\-tion, afterwards utilised with advantage by Darius I. \expndtw5 Herodotus also testifies that the conquered Indian \expndtw11 territories, which perhaps did not include much of \expndtw2 the Punjab, were constituted into the twentieth Satrapy \expndtw6 of the Persian Empire; and it yielded the enormous \expndtw0 tribute of 360 Euboic talents of gold dust, equal to about \expndtw2 one million sterling. Obviously, these tracts were then \expndtw5 very fertile, populated, and prosperous.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li86\fi0\ri0\sb122\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw-20\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 "Xerxes}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1184\fi144\ri76\sb115\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\sub\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw-4\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \'b1\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 e\nosupersub jg\sub n\nosupersub  \sub 0\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  Klishayarsha or Xerxes (486-65 \expndtw2 successor of Darius I, Indian mercenaries, \expndtw10 tton" and bearing "cane bows and arrows \expndtw7 i iron," formed a part of his expeditionary \expndtw4 st Hellas, and so it is certain that he main-\expndtw9 sian authority intact in the north-western \expndtw4 iia. Presumably it continued for some time \expndtw13 we do not know with certitude when the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1192\fi126\ri54\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 between Persia and India finally snapped, \expndtw0 t any rate, some evidence to show that Indian \expndtw1 figured in the army of Darius III Kodoman-\expndtw-4 fight with Alexander.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1249\fi0\ri0\sb176\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex79\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Contact}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4367\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-295\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex79\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 i}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1181\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-295\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 political contact between the two  countries}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri36\sb4\sa0\sl-295\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Sr   \super t0\nosupersub    \super botil\nosupersub   \super in\nosupersub    \super sevei\nosupersub "\super al\nosupersub    respects.    Trade}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Mip, and perhaps the spectacle of a unified}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex98\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 :red Indian ambition to strive after a  similar}\par }